How do we build a city on Mars?: “It is one of the most ambitious ventures of humanity. Designed to extend human exploration to the farthest reaches of our solar system.” The next step in space exploration is not that of distant generations. Happening now And our destination? That mysterious, desolate world next door, called Mars.
Imagine starting life at that small red dot of 265 million km (16.5 million miles) away. What will happen if we build a city on Mars? Since 1975, the only things Earth has claimed on Mars are robots and satellites. But now, Elon Musk and his company SpaceX want to change that story.
What is the aim of SpaceX about the city on Mars?
SpaceX aims to create a city on Mars with government, business and culture. The plan includes 1,000 spaceships and even more brave new recruits. With fewer people and only limited supplies, surviving in low gravity, living on Mars can change how dwindling resources on Earth change. But with much more depending on the initial stages of planning and supply.
Every great city starts small, whether you are talking about the small fishing town of Hong Kong or a cottage village called Rome. So, if you want this Martian colony to develop into a thriving city, then you need a handful of people.
According to the Bordeaux Institute National Polytechnic, The SpaceX scheme begins with two spaceships that each carry 100 people. With a handful of explorers, there will be just enough people in your city to build more housing and research stations without jeopardizing your resources.
Supply Problems on Mars
If you run out of food at this stage, this is the end of the experiment. The city’s biggest challenge is becoming sustainable without relying on regular shipments from the earth, which will come every few years. You see, it takes 687 Earth days to make one Mars year, with an egg-shaped orbit of Mars.
Supply runs will only launch when Earth and Mars occur every two years to cut travel time between our worlds. And after a long journey of about eight months, there is a chance of losing all those supplies even after the rocket’s land is broken.
Since gravity on Mars is only three-eighths of the pull on Earth, it would be dangerous to land safely on the surface of Mars. And it does not take into account the dust blowing in the air. Eventually, the dust on the moon was quite bad, and it got into crew members’ eyes and also damaged systems on their spacecraft. But kicking dust on Mars can be even more deadly because each grain is highly oxidized and electrically charged.
Mars is full of toxic
Chlorinated soils on Mars are toxic, and if you mix them with your food, you can damage your thyroid gland. So this means that farming is out. Outdoor farming, at least. Well, before you worry about eating, you will need to establish protection from harsh conditions on Mars.
Air on Mars is toxic, with an atmosphere made up of 95% carbon dioxide. And don’t forget the intense radiation on the surface. By being more exposed to radiation and more breathable air, you will not be able to survive without a controlled environment. Thankfully, with the help of those rocks under your feet, you have all the protection you need.
Just 5 meters (16 ft) of surface material on Mars, called the regolith, provides shielding from radiation similar to the Earth’s atmosphere. This material will be processed into cement to create layered walls using robots and 3D printers. This material will be a protective shield. And under that shell? Domed science facilities, accommodations, and all your home comforts. Connected to the tubes, these domes will provide you with shelter from the dusty storms outside, which can last for months
Even with this technology, Elon Musk claims that it can take up to 10 years to establish a colony. But it is during this time that your eccentric Martian village will evolve into the first human city beyond Earth.
Since this world is not being drilled nor broken, the power grid on Mars can be made sustainable from the beginning. We will install solar arrays for electricity and use natural gases like methane for engines. Our footsteps on Mars can start less and stay that way, no matter how many people live there. And now you are finding out how to feed all these people in a better way.
Problems due to low gravity on Mars
Low gravity on Mars can shrink your muscles. To keep your body healthy, you have to provide more protein. You have to serve 110 cooked chicken breasts and 660 carrots every day. If one of these domes has an indoor farm, you can raise the chickens necessary to feed your city. And you will have the most nutrient-rich fertilizer available.
If you use this manure in a greenhouse, you will have a way to fertilize your crops throughout the year. But how can you irrigate those crops? Scientists are still debating whether liquid water exists under ice on Mars but if it does exist, the source of the freshwater can be filtered to use for irrigation to the colonists.
With less gravity on Mars pulling water down into the ground, you will need less water to keep your plants alive on Earth as it will stay close to the surface. With the supply of transportation every two years, spring water available on Mars changes how the city will operate.
New Cryptocurrency- Marscoin
It will create a government infrastructure to deploy scientists to distribute water supplies and manage filtration requirements. The city now has infrastructure for place and employment. So how would you value your time in terms of cash? Cash carries a lot of weight to travel in outer space. And credit cards will require WiFi services communicating back to Earth. With a 14-minute difference in communication between Mars and Earth, you’ll need something more locally based.
Well, you may have to use a cryptocurrency known as Marscoin. But, you have to buy it with your Earth money before boarding the spaceship. While Marscoin will only be available to the Martians, this money will help to form the government, increase trade and create the standard of living.
Society is still new on Mars, maybe you can trade your services or learn to barter instead of relying on this cash system. If we do the right thing, life on Mars can be ideal for future civilizations, free from the constraints of the culture built on Earth. Or, it could be like every sci-fi film ever made.
Now, perhaps Mars is too tame for your taste. If you want to go to Mars, you want to push the boundaries of what is possible.
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