Elon Musk Reveals A TERRIFYING Discovery On Mars That Changes Everything: Even before they knew about the other worlds in the Milky Way galaxy, humans were never satisfied with life on their home planet, Earth. As we gaze to the stars to expand our living borders, we are continuously reminded that the world beyond the atmosphere is hostile, cold, and cruel.
The only planet in the Milky Way galaxy with an atmosphere is Earth. As a result, it stands to reason that any effort by humans to settle in places other than Earth will be met with great difficulty and pain, and the recent discovery Elon Musk just made on Mars seems to support that motion quite well. What did he discover? You may be horrified.
Humans have long dreamt about colonizing and exploring Mars. SpaceX obviously has a plan, and with NASA’s intentions to land astronauts on Mars by 2030, that fantasy could become a reality. One of the most difficult tasks is just transporting people over the 34 million miles of space between Earth and Mars.
Humans, on the other hand, will face significant challenges once they get on Mars, which is a harsh, freezing, and hostile planet. Human life on Mars requires water, but the Red Planet doesn’t have any – or does it? Evidence dating back to the 1970s contradicts this claim.
There was evidence of water when the Mariner 9 and Viking space probes first returned photographs of Mars to Earth. Researchers at Italy’s National Institute for Astrophysics have provided some of the most current clues.
They released research in Science in 2018 claiming to have discovered a 12-mile-wide lake lying approximately a mile below Mars’ south pole. The US Geological Survey said in the same year that they had discovered eight places on Mars where erosion had exposed significant cross-sections of ice deposits between one and 100 meters beneath the planet’s surface.
According to the American Geophysical Union, scientists reviewing data from NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter found layers of ice and sand buried a mile beneath Mars’ north pole a year later.
Ten finalists will compete at the Langley Research Center in Virginia, where they will demonstrate their prototypes for retrieving water from simulated Martian subsurface ice.
The 2019 competition was won by a team from West Virginia University for their prototype, Mountaineer Ice Drilling Automated System III, which could recognize, map, and drill through a variety of hard and frozen layers before extracting water from an ice block.
NASA has also created partnerships to advance mining technology for use in space, including one with the Australian Space Agency. In July 2019, NASA, the University of Central Florida, and Honeybee Robotics unveiled The World is Not Enough, a prototype spacecraft the size of a microwave oven (WINE).
It’s built to mine asteroids’ soil, extract water from it, and utilize that water to make steam, which it uses to push itself to the next mining target. Water harvesting technologies could be modified for Mars exploration. Next up, Mars has no atmosphere.
An atmosphere is one of the most critical characteristics that a planet must have in order to support human existence. Unfortunately, only a sliver of one clings to Mars, and it’s made up entirely of the incorrect gasses. According to NASA, the atmosphere on Mars:
- -It is primarily made up of carbon dioxide (95.3 percent compared to less than 1 percent on Earth).
- -Has only 0.13 percent of the oxygen that humans require (0.13 percent vs. 21 percent on Earth).
- -Has a low nitrogen content (2.7 percent vs. 78 percent on Earth), which plants require to survive. Without a plentiful supply of air, life on Mars would be impossible.
Furthermore, Mars’ atmospheric pressure is extremely low, at only 6.1 millibars compared to Earth’s 1,013.25 millibars. The importance of pressure to life on Earth cannot be overstated. Tiny pockets of air trapped inside a person’s body would expand if they didn’t have it.
According to the Institute of Physics, eardrums would explode and bodily water would boil. To survive in space, astronauts wear pressurized suits, and they’d have to do the same on Mars or live in a pressurized habitat.
Any heat from the sun escapes into space due to the thin atmosphere. As a result, according to NASA, Mars is extremely frigid, with temperatures as low as -285 degrees Fahrenheit. On Mars, some have advocated creating an atmosphere that would create the essential gasses while also warming the planet.
Terraforming entails causing greenhouse gasses already present on the planet, such as carbon dioxide and water vapor, to rise into the atmosphere. However, according to a 2018 study published in Nature Astronomy, the planet lacks enough of these components to support human life on Mars.
For the time being, astronauts will have to bring all of their life-supporting systems with them. Finally, we have the hardest problem to overcome: radiation. The universe is filled with harmful radiation. Our sun and other stars are fusion reactors that produce large amounts of electromagnetic energy, including X-ray and ultraviolet light.
The sun, as well as other highly energetic objects such as quasars or galaxies’ centers, release high-energy protons, atomic nuclei, and other particles that can cause radiation sickness, harm the central nervous system, increase one’s lifetime cancer risk, and trigger degenerative disorders.
Most of these electrically charged atomic pieces are diverted back into space by our planet’s powerful magnetic field, which acts as an unseen barrier against such radiation. The dense atmosphere of our planet absorbs any stray particles.
Outside of this protected cocoon, astronauts are at risk. According to the European Space Agency, astronauts on a voyage to Mars could be exposed to radiation doses up to 700 times higher than on Earth (ESA). On Earth, the agency is working to develop technologies that will reduce radiation exposure.
They’re collaborating with particle accelerator facilities to simulate deadly levels of cosmic radiation in space and develop and test shielding to protect against it. They also intend to put radiation sensors on NASA’s forthcoming Orion test launch in order to track exposure during the lunar mission. What about radiation on the surface of Mars?
According to Astronomy, astronauts onboard the International Space Station recently completed an experiment that demonstrated that they could successfully mix cement in microgravity.
The idea is that one-day humanity will be able to use Martian soil to construct habitable structures out of concrete, a strong, protective material that is already used to cover people at nuclear power plants on Earth.
Future Mars exploration missions will confront scientists and astronauts with a slew of issues that will put human life in jeopardy. Access to water, dealing with a chilly planet devoid of oxygen, and managing deadly radiation levels are among the most difficult challenges to overcome.
However, when humans continue their journey to the moon with an eye on Mars, they will learn to adapt, as they always have, and find fresh answers to the issues that lie ahead. However, there is no end to the studies related to Mars’ capabilities for hosting life.
In 2017, scientists discovered evidence that life may have existed on Mars in the past. On the dusty surface of Mars, NASA’s Curiosity rover discovered boron, a fundamental component of life.
The discovery is a big step forward in the search for extraterrestrial life, and it could support a belief that life on Mars was pushed underground after a calamity transformed the planet into a “frozen desert.” Patrick Gasda, a postdoctoral researcher at Los Alamos National Laboratory said: “Because borates may play an important role in making RNA – one of the building blocks of life – finding boron on Mars further opens the possibility that life could have once arisen on the planet. “
Borates are one possible bridge from simple organic molecules to RNA. Without RNA, you have no life. “The presence of boron tells us that, if organics were present on Mars, these chemical reactions could have occurred.”
Of course, a SpaceX or NASA human expedition to the Mars surface will certainly involve the studying of these borates. Even if they don’t mean anything conclusive even in 2022, they may offer some kind of massively impactful new information later.
In any case, SpaceX needs to get the Starship ready for reaching Mars. If all goes according to plan, the Super Heavy booster will allow the Starship to set new marks. It has a propellant capacity of roughly 3,400 tons, with the ability to increase to 3,800 tons in the future.
The booster has 33 engines, which has fluctuated between 29 and 37 during development. It has a thrust of roughly 7,600 tons (17 million pounds), which is expected to expand over time. To put that into perspective, the Saturn V, the rocket that launched humans to the Moon, had a thrust of about 7.5 million pounds.
The Saturn V is still the most powerful rocket ever launched. The Starship’s booster has the potential to help it smash that record by a long shot. The spacecraft would have the world’s largest heat shield, according to Musk.
This will keep the ship safe as it races into Mars’ atmosphere at roughly 17,000 mph. When NASA’s latest Mars rover, Perseverance, landed on Mars, temperatures hit approximately 2,400 degrees Fahrenheit.
Depending on the orbit, the ship will send 100 to 150 tons into space at a time. Musk thinks that the ship could carry 200 tons of payload for orbital refilling, in which a second Starship stays in space and replenishes a ship to complete the journey to Mars.
In the end, such a massive payload will be exactly what possible Mars colonists will require to get everything set up properly. In any event, they will struggle to stay on the surface for any length of time.
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